ISO 8373:2021 pdf – Robotics — Vocabulary.
1 Scope This document defines terms used in relation to robotics. 2 Normative references There are no normative references in this document. 3? Terms? and? definitions? —? General ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: — ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .org/ obp — IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/ 3.1 robot programmed actuated mechanism with a degree of autonomy (3.2) to perform locomotion, manipulation or positioning Note 1 to entry: A robot includes the control system (3.4). Note 2 to entry: Examples of mechanical structure of robots are manipulator (4.14), mobile platform (4.16) and wearable robot (4.17). 3.2 autonomy ability to perform intended tasks based on current state and sensing, without human intervention Note 1 to entry: For a particular application, degree of autonomy can be evaluated according to the quality of decision-making and independence from human. For example, metrics for degree of autonomy exists for medical electrical equipment in IEC/TR 60601-4-1. 3.3 robotic technology practical application knowledge commonly used in the design of robots or their control systems, especially to raise their degree of autonomy (3.2) EXAMPLE Perception, reasoning and planning algorithms. 3.4 control system robot controller set of hardware and software components implementing logic and power control, and other functions which allow monitoring and controlling of the behaviour of a robot (3.1) and its interaction and communication with other objects and humans in the environment 3.5 robotic device mechanism developed with robotic technology (3.3), but not fulfilling all characteristics of a robot (3.1) EXAMPLE Teleoperated remote manipulator, haptic device, end-effector, unpowered exoskeleton.
3.7 service robot robot (3.1) in personal use or professional use that performs useful tasks for humans or equipment Note 1 to entry: Tasks in personal use include handling or serving of items, transportation, physical support, providing guidance or information, grooming, cooking and food handling, and cleaning. Note 2 to entry: Tasks in professional use include inspection, surveillance, handling of items, person transportation, providing guidance or information, cooking and food handling, and cleaning. 3.8 medical robot robot (3.1) intended to be used as medical electrical equipment or medical electrical systems Note 1 to entry: A medical robot is not regarded as an industrial robot (3.6) or a service robot (3.7). 3.9 industrial robot system robot system machine comprising an industrial robot (3.6); end-effector(s) (4.12); any end-effector sensors and equipment (e.g. vision systems, adhesive dispensing, weld controller) needed to support the intended task; and a task program Note 1 to entry: The robot system requirements, including those for controlling hazards, are contained in ISO 10218-2. 3.10 robotics science and practice of designing, manufacturing, and applying robots (3.1) 3.11 operator person designated to start, monitor and stop the intended operation 3.12 task programmer person designated to prepare the task program (6.1) 3.13 collaboration operation by purposely designed robots (3.1) and person working within the same space
3.14 robot cooperation information and action exchanges between multiple robots (3.1) to ensure that their motions work effectively together to accomplish the task 3.15 human–robot interaction HRI information and action exchanges between human and robot (3.1) to perform a task by means of a user interface (6.18) EXAMPLE Exchanges through vocal, visual and tactile means. Note 1 to entry: Because of possible confusion, it is advisable not to use the abbreviated term “HRI” for human– robot interface when describing user interface. 3.16 validation confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the particular requirements for a specific intended use have been fulfilled [SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.13, modified — definition modified and notes to entry removed.] 3.17 verification confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the requirements have been fulfilled [SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.12, modified — definition modified and notes to entry removed.] 4 Terms related to mechanical structure 4.1 actuator robot actuator power mechanism that converts electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic or any energy to effect motion of the robot 4.2 robotic arm arm primary axes interconnected set of links (4.7) and powered joints of the manipulator (4.14), between the base (4.9) and the wrist (4.3) 4.3 robotic wrist wrist secondary axes interconnected set of links (4.7) and powered joints (4.8) of the manipulator (4.14) between the arm (4.2) and end-effector (4.12) which supports, positions and orients the end-effector