ISO 24162:2022 pdf – Test method for energy consumption of refuse collection vehicles
1 Scope This document specifies a uniform, reproducible testing process for various drive units, chassis, constructions and lifting devices for the refuse collection vehicles described in EN 1501 (all parts, excluding EN 1501-4), with which a comparison for energy consumption can be performed. This specification defines criteria for a reference area with regard to a synthesized tour (test circuit). This therefore serves to determine a representative test circuit and/or data for a software calculation tool, e.g. VECTO 1) . NOTE VECTO (Vehicle Energy Consumption calculation TOol) is a simulation tool that has been developed by the European Commission for determining CO 2 emissions and fuel consumption from heavy duty vehicles with a gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. URL: https:// ec .europa .eu/ clima/ policies/ transport/ vehicles/ vecto _en #tab -0 -0 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1501-1, Refuse collection vehicles — General requirements and safety requirements — Part 1: Rear loaded refuse collection vehicles EN 1501-2, Refuse collection vehicles — General requirements and safety requirements — Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles EN 1501-3, Refuse collection vehicles — General requirements and safety requirements — Part 3: Front loaded refuse collection vehicles EN 1501-5, Refuse collection vehicles — General requirements and safety requirements — Part 5: Lifting devices for refuse collection vehicles 3? Terms? and? definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
3.2 load simulation valve valve in the hydraulic circuit of the compaction unit (packing unit) of an RCV for generating a hydraulic load 3.3 pre-control valve valve in the hydraulic circuit for controlling the load simulation valves (3.2) 3.4 ballasting loading of the collection container for an RCV and the refuse collection container with mass 3.5 measuring turbine measuring device for the consumption of fuel using differential measurement in the fuel system 3.6 measurement run sum of all test cycles on the test track 3.6.1 reference run run of the test cycle (3.11) only with the chassis and without any further energy-consuming components 3.6.2 compaction run run of the test cycle (3.11) with the chassis and the bodywork with one loading cycle 3.6.3 lifting run run of the test cycle (3.11) with the chassis and one cycle of the lifting device 3.6.4 discharge run one discharge cycle of the body with the chassis in standstill 3.7 test bench run sum of all test cycles on the test bench 3.8 vehicle mass mass of the RCV in a ready-to-drive and ready-for-refuse-collection status with full fuel and urea tank, full hydraulic and cooling systems Note 1 to entry: The mass is stated in kg. 3.9 discontinuous compaction system components of the compacting equipment, which always traverse the same route curve in the operation in cycles and return to their defined starting position after one cycle 3.10 continuous compaction system compacting devices which continuously and without reversing follow the direction of movement of individual components after commissioning and which have no defined starting position
3.11 test cycle sum of the defined time proportions with different operating conditions Note 1 to entry: See Table 4 for the time proportions of the test cycle (3.11). 3.12 steady state temperature level of all operating fluids which does not vary during the test bench run (3.7) and/or the test run 3.13 working cycle procedures which are to be performed during the vehicle standstill 3.14 maximum pressure maximum hydraulic pressure during the working cycle (3.13) in the compacting system 3.15 container emptying cycle succession of sequences to pick up from the ground, lift, hold and empty the container into the hopper of the RCV and put it back on the ground 3.16 compaction cycle cycle by discontinuous (3.9) or continuous (3.10) compaction system Note 1 to entry: The continuous compaction system is the given (fix) time in Table 4. 4 Minimum requirements 4.1 Refuse collection vehicle (test item) — The operating conditions shall be in accordance with the operating instructions. — The steady state shall be achieved. — The load simulation components shall be installed in accordance with the respective specifications from the bodywork manufacturer. — The vehicle configuration shall be documented in accordance with Annex A. 4.2 Load simulation The load simulation shall be carried out hydraulically. NOTE For an example of the installation of a hydraulic load simulation, see Annex B, Figure B.1. 4.3 Test conditions — Temperature (°C/°F): Range A: (10 ± 5) °C/(50 ± 9) °F; Range B: (20 ± 5) °C/(68 ± 9) °F; Range C: (30 ± 5) °C/(86 ± 9) °F; Range D: (40 ± 5) °C/(104 ± 9) °F.