IEC TR 60878-2003 pdf – Graphical symbols for electrical equipment in medical practice.
1 Scope This technical report provides a comprehensive compilation, for easy reference, of graphical symbols (graphics, title, description) and safety signs for medical electrical equipment. The graphical symbols are grouped in sections according to their specific field of application (see Clause 2). 2 General This technical report primarily identifies graphical symbols published in IEC 6041 7 or in ISO 7000. A reference to the corresponding symbol numbers is given. NOTE 1 Reference numbers below 5 000 refer to ISO 7000 while reference numbers from 5 000 and up refer to IEC 6041 7. Applicable safety signs from ISO 701 0 and others under consideration for inclusion in ISO 701 0 are also included in this Technical Report. NOTE 2 ISO 701 0 is currently under revision, and the safety signs as presented here may differ in graphics and title from the standard to be published. In such cases, this technical report will be updated correspondingly in the next edition. Some graphical symbols essential for compliance with other standards issued by IEC technical committee 62 or its subcommittees are also listed. They are identified by symbol numbers in the following format: <standard>: ####, e.g. 601-2-1 8: 1 01 for graphical symbol No. 1 01 of IEC 60601 -2-1 8. NOTE 3 These symbols need to be formally included in a future edition of IEC 6041 7 or ISO 7000. Some of the graphical symbols from these standards have been redrawn according to the basic design principles of ISO/IEC 8041 6 for inclusion in this Technical Report. In this Technical Report, symbols are ordered by application area, as shown in Table 1 .
Many of the symbols listed in this technical report have already been used for several years on equipment and will be familiar to experts in that particular field; the meaning of others will become clear when viewed in context on the equipment itself, but it must be appreciated that it is impossible to make self evident the meaning of all symbols on complex equipment. In such cases, user training will be needed to ensure proper recognition. To avoid critical errors, it may be necessary to validate that properly trained users can correctly recognize the graphical symbol’s meaning when viewed in the context. However, it is strongly recommended that the meaning of all graphical symbols used on equipment be explained in the equipment’s accompanying documents. The graphical symbols listed in this technical report are intended to be applied on equipment used in medical practice. They are not necessarily associated with graphical symbols used on drawings. For those graphical symbols for which no French title was available in the original document, the English title has been translated into French for the purpose of this Technical Report.
3 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60204-1 :2000, Safety of machinery – Electrical equipment of machines – Part 1: General requirements IEC 6041 7-DB:2002 1 , Graphical symbols for use on equipment IEC 60601 -1 , Medical electrical equipment – Part 1: General requirements for safety IEC 60601 -2-1 8:1 996, Medical electrical equipment – Part 2-18: Particular requirements for the safety of endoscopic equipment IEC 60601 -2-22:1 995, Medical electrical equipment – Part 2-22: Particular requirements for the safety of diagnostic and therapeutic laser equipment IEC 60731 :1 997, Medical electrical equipment – Dosimeters with ionization chambers as used in radiotherapy IEC 61 31 0-1 :1 995, Safety of machinery – Indication, marking and actuation – Part 1: Requirements for visual, auditory and tactile signals ISO/IEC 8041 6 (all parts), Basic principles for graphical symbols for use on equipment ISO 361 :1 975, Basic ionizing radiation symbol ISO 3864-1 :2002, Graphical symbols – Safety colours and safety signs – Part 1: Design principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas