IEC 62236-5-2003 pdf – Railway applications – Electromagnetic compatibility – Part 5: Emission and immunity of fixed power supply installations and apparatus.
1 Scope This part of IEC 62236 applies to emission and immunity aspects of EMC for electrical and electronic apparatus and systems intended for use in railway fixed installations associated with power supply. This includes the power feed to the apparatus, the apparatus itself with its protective control circuits, trackside items such as switching stations, power autotransformers, booster transformers, substation power switchgear and power switchgear to other longitudinal and local supplies. Filters operating at railway system voltage (for example for harmonic suppression or power factor correction) are not included in this standard since each site has special requirements. Filters would normally have separate enclosures with separate rules for access. If electromagnetic limits are required, these will appear in the specification for the equipment. The limits in this standard do not apply to intentional communication signals. The frequency range covered is from d.c. to 400 GHz. At present, testing is defined only up to 2 GHz. Emission and immunity limits are given for items of apparatus which are situated: a) within the boundary of a substation which delivers electric power to a railway; b) beside the track for the purpose of controlling or regulating the railway power supply, including power factor correction and filtering; c) along the track for the purpose of supplying electrical power to the railway other than by means of the conductors used for contact current collection, and associated return conductors. Included are high voltage feeder systems within the boundary of the railway which supply substations at which the voltage is reduced to the railway system voltage; NOTE 1 Examples are one conductor of a 25-0-25 kV 50 Hz system and the 110 kV 16,7 Hz supply systems. NOTE 2 Similar conductors which are outside the railway boundary are treated as in the public area and are considered to be general overhead power lines although they feed only the railway.
2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 61000-3-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3: Limits – Section 2: Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) IEC 61000-3-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3: Limits – Section 3: Limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker in low-voltage supply systems for equipment with rated current ≤ 16 A IEC 61000-4-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 2: Electrostatic discharge immunity test IEC 61000-4-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 3: Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 4: Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test IEC 61000-4-5, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 5: Surge immunity test IEC 61000-4-6, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 6: Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields IEC 61000-4-8, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 8: Power frequency magnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-12, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 12: Oscillatory waves immunity test IEC 61000-4-16, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-16: Testing and measurement techniques – Test for immunity to conducted, common mode disturbances in the frequency range 0 Hz to 150 kHz
Conductors (overhead or underground) between the substation and the railway, are part of the railway installation but because of their wide variety of positions and ampere loadings, limit values cannot be set for the magnetic fields which they produce. For apparatus which is under ground, measurements shall be made in the frequency range 9 kHz to 150 kHz at the surface of the ground above the apparatus. NOTE 2 No limits are set for emissions into the active space of the underground railway due to the complexities of obtaining measurements in the confined space and the lack of a precise method of relating the measured values to the degree of disturbance which other apparatus would suffer. 5.2 Emission test for apparatus operating at less than 1 000 V r.m.s. a.c. The emission limits for apparatus covered by this standard which is supplied with electrical power at a voltage below 1000 V r.m.s. are given on a port by port basis in IEC 61000-6-4, Table 1. 5.3 Emission values within the boundary of the substation Because there is such a wide variety of options for the design and the construction of the substation, limits are not given for emission within the general space inside the boundary of the substation. Practical measurements have been made and guidance values are given in annex A. These are for information only and are not part of the normative content of this standard. 6 Immunity tests and limits The immunity test requirements for apparatus covered by this standard are given on a port by port basis in Tables 1 to 6. Tests shall be conducted in a well-defined and reproducible manner. The tests shall be carried out as single tests in sequence. The sequence of testing is optional.