ASME B107.400-2008 pdf download.Striking Tools.
1 SCOPE This Standard provides performance and safety requirements for hatchets (that are intended specifically for use in driving unhardened nails or striking wood products, or both; cutting, notching, and shaping wood products or wall board products, or both; cutting, spac- ing, and aligning soft roofing products, and pulling unhardened nails when the tool is provided with a nail slot) and axes (that are intended primarily for use in felling, trimming, and pruning trees; splitting and cut- ting wood; notching and shaping logs and timbers; driv- ing wooden or plastic stakes; pulling unhardened nails when the tool is provided with a nail slot; or digging when the particular tool is provided with a digging blade). This Standard is intended to serve as a guide in select- ing, testing, and using the hand tools covered herein. It is not the purpose of this Standard to specify the details of manufacturing. This Standard is also meant to serve as a guide in developing manuals and posters and for training per- sonnel to work safely. It may be used as a guide by state authorities or other regulatory bodies in the formulation of laws or regulations. It is intended for voluntary use by establishments that use or manufacture the tools cov- ered. The methods employed to ensure compliance with this Standard shall be determined by the proper regula- tory or administrative authority. 2 CLASSIFICATION TYPE I: HATCHETS (see Fig. 1) Class 1: Lath, shingling, box, wallboard Class 2: All others TYPE II: AXES (see Fig. 2) 3 DEFINITIONS (See Figs. 1 and 2 as applicable.) bell: when provided, the portion of the hatchet or ax head directly behind striking face. bit (blade): the broad, tapering portion of the head that terminates in a sharpened cutting edge. chamfer: the bevel or equivalent radius encircling the perimeter of the striking face. cutting edge: the sharpened edge of the bit.
digging blade: the portion of the Pulaski pattern or Mattocks ax head directly opposite the bit, positioned at right angles to the handle axis, and terminating in a sharpened edge (when provided). equivalent: the word “equivalent” in this Standard shall be interpreted to mean alternative designs or features that will provide an equal degree of safety and per- formance. eye: an opening or aperture located between the bit and the striking face into which the handle is inserted, if the handle is separate. face: the flat portion of the ax head directly opposite the bit (when provided). handle: the portion that protrudes from the head and by which the tool is held. handle grip: when provided, material securely attached to the grip end of some styles of handles. hardness: the condition of the head resulting from heat treatments. head: portion of hatchet or ax exclusive of the handle or attachments. marking gage: when provided, the adjustable measuring device attached to the top edge of the bit. nail slot: when provided, a V-shaped opening in one non-cutting edge of the bit. neck: when provided, that portion of the hatchet head between the eye and the bell. pick: the pointed portion of the fire ax head directly opposite the bit. poll: when provided, that portion of the hatchet head between the eye and the striking face. safety message: the information imprinted on or affixed to the hatchet that is intended to promote safety [see also para. 7.1(c)]. serrations: when provided, the geometric pattern of grooves on the striking face. shall: indicates mandatory requirements of this Standard. should: indicates if a provision is of an advisory nature or is stated as a recommendation. sides (or cheeks): the outside surface of the head on either side of the eye and the bit.