API RP75-2004 pdf download.Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities.
2.1 GENERAL The management program should require that a compila- tion of safety and environmental information be developed and maintained for any facility subject to this recommended practice. This information will provide the basis for imple- menting succeeding program elements. Management should consider the requirements of Section 3, “Hazards Analysis,” if applicable, in determining the extent and detail of required information. The information should include documentation on process and mechanical design. The individual elements of the information may exist in various forms and locations and should be referenced in the compilation. Process, mechanical, and facilities design information should be retained for the life of the facility. For simple and nearly identical facilities within the same area (such as well jackets and single well caissons), a com- mon compliance documentation package may be compiled, except that documentation must reflect site-specific devia- tions from the norm for facilities within the area. 2.2 PROCESS DESIGN INFORMATION 2.2.1 The process design information should include, as appropriate, a simplified process flow diagram and acceptable upper and lower limits, where applicable, for items such as temperature, pressure, flow and composition. Where process design material and energy balances are available, these should be included. API RP 14J, Recommended Practice for Design and Hazards Analysis for Offshore Production Facili- ties (latest edition), contains guidance as to the process design information required for offshore production facilities. On a mobile offshore unit (MOU), API RP 14J is only applicable to a production processing system. 2.2.2 Where the original process design information no longer exists, information may be developed in conjunction with a hazards analysis in sufficient detail to support the analysis.
2.3.2 The mechanical and facility design for mobile off- shore units (MOUs) should conform to the applicable requirements of the flag State and classification society. The combination of appropriate and valid flag State certificates (e.g., International Load Line Certificate, U.S. Coast Guard Certificate of Inspection, IMO MODU code certificate, or International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate) and classi- fication society certificates generally provide substantial evi- dence of conformance with these requirements. 2.3.3 The mechanical and facility design should be consis- tent with the applicable consensus codes and standards in effect at the time the design was prepared or, in the absence of such codes and standards, recognized and generally accepted engineering practices as well as the applicable governmental regulations. When the mechanical design is not consistent with applicable consensus codes and standards or when a hazards analysis or other review reveals that existing equip- ment is designed and is constructed in accordance with con- sensus codes, standards, or practices that are no longer in general use, suitability of design for intended use should be documented. 2.3.4 Where the original mechanical design information no longer exists, suitability of equipment design for intended use should be verified and documented. This may be done on the basis of engineering analysis or documentation of successful prior operating experience.
3.2 METHODOLOGY 3.2.1 Hazards analysis should take an orderly, systematic approach, following one or more methodologies such as those recommended in API RP 14J or References 1 and 2. As a minimum, hazards analysis requirements for production equipment may be met by ensuring that the facility conforms to the requirements of API RP 14C, Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Basic Sur- face Safety Systems on Offshore Production Platforms. Man- agement should determine, dependent on risk, whether additional analysis techniques are warranted. API RP 14J should be consulted for guidance in selecting analysis tech- niques appropriate to the risk of each facility, if applicable. Locations with clusters of structurally interconnected plat- forms should be analyzed together. For nearly identical well jackets and single well caissons, a single hazard analysis may be applied to all such facilities within a field, after verifying that site specific deviations are addressed.