API RP 1177-2017 pdf download.Recommended Practice for Steel Pipeline Construction Quality Management Systems.
3.1.5 bedding Method using non-native materials such as sand, or filtered or nonfiltered native materials removed while ditching (spoils) to prepare the ditch for pipeline lowering-in. Alternately, the method supports the pipeline on non-native or filtered material berms, sand bags, foam pillows, or plastic pipe support apparatuses. 3.1.6 calibration Comparison and adjustment to a standard of known accuracy. 3.1.7 cased crossing Crossing where the pipeline is installed inside of a larger diameter pipe called a casing, typically under a road, railroad, or bridge crossing. 3.1.8 collection Process of obtaining, assembling, and/or organizing applicable documentation with the intent of meeting the requirements for control or records. 3.1.9 compliance Act or process of satisfying legal or contractual requirements. 3.1.10 conformance Satisfying the applicable documented requirements; also referred to as “conformity.” NOTE Documents can include procedures, standards, specifications, recommended practices, work instructions, and any other non-legal publication. 3.1.11 ditching Creation of a trench, or ditch, in the ground where the pipeline is to be installed and buried. 3.1.12 field bending Cold bending of line pipe to conform to the planned points of inflection in the pipe route and match the topography or the route/ditch. 3.1.13 final tie-in welds Welds made between two pressure-tested sections of pipe or piping, and that are not subjected to a pressure test. Final tie-in welds may be referred to as “golden welds.” 3.1.14 horizontal directional drilling HDD A method of trenchless pipeline installation that uses steerable drilling systems. 3.1.15 in-line inspection ILI Evaluation using sophisticated and sensitive tools that travel through the interior of the pipe and measure and record irregularities that may represent metal loss, cracks, laminations, deformations, or other defects.3.1.16 inspection Evaluation for conformity by observation and judgment accompanied, as appropriate, by testing and/or measurement. 3.1.17 inspection and test plan ITP Written description of inspection plan that may include evaluation methods, hold points, project-specific technical requirements, and resources, typically used in manufacturing. 3.1.18 key performance indicator KPI Metric by which an organization measures the functioning of its processes, service, or service-related product. 3.1.19 legal requirement Statutory or regulatory obligation imposed on or by an organization. 3.1.20 lowering-in Process of lifting and moving a pipe or pipe string from alongside the ditch into the ditch. 3.1.21 management system A framework of policies, processes, and procedures used by an organization to ensure that it can fulfill all the tasks required to achieve its objectives 3.1.22 organization Entity using this document to develop its own QMS for pipeline construction. The organization may be the owner-company, operating company, engineering and/or construction contractor, supplier, or other stakeholders in pipeline construction who have their own QMS. 3.1.23 padding When backfilling material is unsuitable for contact with the pipe, a method using non-native materials such as sand, or filtered/screened or segregated native materials removed while ditching (spoils) to protect the pipeline prior to backfilling. 3.1.24 pipeline construction Activities that include design verification, contracting, procurement, planning, and construction. Design and commissioning are considered outside the scope of pipeline construction. 3.1.25 preservation Methods used to protect the pipeline and components from internal and external threats, including corrosion, third-party damage, etc., prior to commissioning. Preservation may also be referred to as “layup.” 3.1.27 process A series of interrelated or interacting activities or steps with anticipated outputs applied in the construction of a pipeline. 3.1.28 quality assurance QA Proactive, process-oriented activities, independent of production, with the goal of preventing nonconformances. Examples of QA activities include checklists and the development of standards. 3.1.29 quality control QC Reactive, product-oriented activities with the goal of identifying nonconformances before work is finalized. Examples of QC activities include inspection and testing. 3.1.30 risk Situation or circumstance that has both a likelihood of occurring and a potentially negative consequence. 3.1.31 risk assessment Methodology for predicting probability and consequence of nonconformance. 3.1.32 risk management Application of practices to prevent and mitigate risk. 3.1.33 stringing Placement of the line pipe and bends along the right-of-way in preparation for welding and installation. 3.1.34 tie-ins Welds made between two sections of installed pipe. 3.1.35 traceable When describing records, the ability to clearly link properties from original documentation, such as material and/or pressure test reports provided by a manufacturer, supplier, or contractor to a specific pipe, fitting, or component.