API RP 1168-2015 pdf download

API RP 1168-2015 pdf download

API RP 1168-2015 pdf download.Pipeline Control Room Management.
1 Scope 1.1 Purpose The purpose of this recommended practice is to provide pipeline operators, and pipeline Controllers with guidance on industry best practices on control room management to consider when developing or enhancing processes, procedures, and training. This document was written for operators with continuous and non-continuous operations, as applicable. 1.2 General This document addresses pipeline safety elements in Pipeline Control Rooms for hazardous liquid and natural gas pipelines in both the transportation and distribution sectors: — personnel roles, authorities, and responsibilities; — guidelines for shift turnover; — provide adequate information; — fatigue mitigation; — change management; — training; — operating experience; and — workload of pipeline Controllers. 2 Normative References This document contains no normative references. A list of documents associated with API RP 1168 is included in the bibliography. 3 Terms, Definitions, and Abbreviations 3.1 Definitions For the purposes of this document, the following definitions apply. 3.1.1 abnormal operating condition AOC A condition identified by the operator that may indicate a malfunction of a component or deviation from normal operations that may: a) indicate a condition exceeding design limits; and/or b) result in a hazard(s) to persons, property, or the environment.
3.1.2 abnormal operation AO Non-emergency operation while exceeding normal operating design limits, typically caused by an AOC such as: a) unintended closure of valves or shutdowns; b) increase or decrease of pressure or flow rate outside of normal operating limits; c) loss of communications; d) operation of any safety device; and e) any other malfunction of a component, deviation from normal operation, or personnel error which may result in a hazard to persons or property. NOTE The terms AO and AOC are defined differently; however, some operators may use the terms interchangeably. 3.1.3 change management Process used by pipeline operators to manage changes to their facilities and processes, organizations, and documents to ensure that changes are adequately identified, planned, controlled, and communicated. 3.1.4 displays The visual presentation of text and objects on a monitor. 3.1.5 emergency A condition that presents an immediate hazard to persons, property, or the environment. 3.1.6 event Any unplanned occurrence that may negatively impact pipeline operations in the judgment of the pipeline operator. 3.1.7 fatigue management A data-driven means of continuously monitoring and managing fatigue-related safety risks, based upon scientific principles and knowledge as well as operational experience that aims to ensure relevant personnel are performing at adequate levels of alertness. 3.1.8 fatigue mitigation room A room provided by the operator to help mitigation of fatigue risk and may include exercise equipment, television, bed, zero-gravity chair, etc. NOTE 1 This room might also be referred to as a Circadian room. NOTE 2 Use of the term room does not imply a separate space, but could make reference to a general area. 3.1.9 pipeline control room An operations center staffed by personnel charged with responsibility for remotely monitoring and controlling entire or multiple sections of pipeline systems.
3.1.10 pipeline Controller A qualified individual whose function is to remotely monitor and control the operations of entire or multiple sections of pipeline systems via a SCADA system from a pipeline control room, and who has operational authority and accountability for the daily remote operational functions of pipeline systems. NOTE 1 For purposes of this document, the term “qualified” means an individual has been evaluated and can at a minimum a) perform assigned covered tasks; and b) recognize and react to abnormal operating conditions. NOTE 2 For purposes of this document, the terms “pipeline Controller” and “Controller” are synonymous. 3.1.11 pipeline operator A person who owns or operates pipeline facilities. NOTE 1 For the purpose of this document, the terms “pipeline operator” and “operator” are synonymous. NOTE 2 A person means any individual, firm, joint venture, entity, partnership, corporation, association, state, municipality, cooperative association, or joint stock association, and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or person representative thereof. 3.1.12 supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA A system that is a combination of computer hardware and software used to send commands and acquire data for the purpose of monitoring and/or controlling. 3.2 Abbreviations For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations apply.

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