API Publ 353-2006 pdf download.Managing Systems Integrity of Terminal and Tank Facilities Managing the Risk of Liquid Petroleum Releases.
1 .3.3 Training and Qualifications The team leader and risk assessment personnel typically have a thorough understanding of risk analysis either through training, education, or experience. Moreover, they have usually received detailed training in the methodologies and procedures presented in this publication, including how data input and data assumptions may affect the final results. At facilities where internal risk assessment personnel conduct the analysis, management can have a procedure to document that personnel are sufficiently trained and qualified in the methodologies and procedures detailed in this document. Outside contractors or consultants who provide risk assessment services typically have a documented program of training qualified and experienced individuals in the methodologies presented in this publication. Individuals who are not experienced in the terminal facilities covered by this document are typically limited to completion of forms, inputting of data, and performance of calculations. 1 .3.4 Governmental Requirements This document is not intended to be utilized as a substitute for the requirements or reviews required by applicable federal, state, or local requirements. These requirements may include but are not limited to requirements for proscriptive inspection requirements and requirements for mandated engineered control measures. This document could be utilized as a tool for negotiations with regulators to: • Show the risk drivers and consequences of failure at regulated facilities • Illustrate that control or mitigation measures are available that are as effective or more effective than proposed or mandated government requirements or serve as a means to demonstrate compliance with government regulations by utilization of the principles of risk management
1 .4.2 Pipeline Tankage Facilities Pipeline tankage facilities consist of tanks and tank farms used to receive petroleum products (e.g., crude oil and refined products) from pipelines, trucks, railcars, or marine facilities and to provide surge relief from pipeline operations (see Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 195 and 33 CFR Parts 154 and 156). 1 .4.3 Bulk Plants Although bulk plants typically handle smaller quantities of product, operations and facilities at these plants are similar to those at petroleum terminals. Bulk plants typically receive and distribute product by truck, although some are serviced by rail, marine transport, or pipeline. Bulk plants may also store an inventory of petroleum products in consumer packaging, bulk containers, and inside tanks and drums. 1 .4.4 Lube Blending and Packaging Facilities Lube oil blending and packaging facilities blend refined base stock products with additives and then package the finished products in drums, pails, portable tanks, or consumer-size containers or ship to consumers in bulk. The additives and lube base stocks may be received and stored either in bulk or in containers. Lube blending and packaging facilities typically include warehouses, blending and packaging areas, quality control labs, base stock and additive storage areas, shipping and receiving areas, and office buildings. 1 .4.5 Asphalt Facilities Asphalt plants receive asphalt from petroleum refineries and blend it with additives to produce paving, roofing, and industrial-grade asphalt products. Asphalt facilities typically consist of a laboratory for quality control, a rail siding or marine dock, an aboveground tank farm, a warehouse, one or more unloading areas for raw materials and products, a manufacturing area, a package heating system, a truck scale, a loading rack, and an office. 1 .4.6 Aviation Service Facilities Aviation service facilities store light petroleum fuels in aboveground or underground storage tanks.
1 .4.7 Overlapping Facilities Coverage This document may have overlapping applicability to facilities covered by API Standard 1160 (pipelines) and those covered by API RP 580 (refinery equipment). Where overlapping coverage exists, users can select the most appropriate API document as their primary resource, but may also adopt elements from the other documents as part of their program. For example, a refinery would use API RP 580 as its primary reference document for risk-based inspection, but it could use the RMP elements described in the main text of this document to formulate its overall facility risk management program. Likewise, pipeline facilities covered under API Std 1160 would use that document as their primary reference document but could also use the tank risk assessment methodologies presented in the appendices of this document.