API MPMS 8.4-2004 pdf download.Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 8—Sampling Section 4—Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement.
. Scope* 1.1 This practice covers procedures and equipment for obtaining, mixing, and handling representative samples of volatile fuels for the purpose oftesting for compliance with the standards set forth for volatility related measurements appli- cable to light fuels. The applicable dry vapor pressure equiva- lent range of this practice is 13 to 105 kPa (2 to 16 psia). 1.2 This practice is applicable to the sampling, mixing, and handling of reformulated fuels including those containing oxygenates. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard except in some cases where drawings may show inch-pound measurements which are customary for that equip- ment. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- bility ofregulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1 ASTM Standards: 2 D 4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.1) D 4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.2) D 5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.3)
2.2 API Standards: 3 MPMS Chapter 8.1—Practice for Manual Sampling of Pe- troleum and Petroleum Products (ASTM Practice D 4057) MPMS Chapter 8.2—Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ASTM Practice D 4177) MPMS Chapter 8.3—Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (ASTM Practice D 5854) 3. Terminology 3.1 Definitions ofTerms Specific to This Standard: 3.1.1 bottom sample—a sample obtained from the material at the bottom of the tank, container, or line at its lowest point. 18.104.22.168 Discussion—In practice the term bottom sample has a variety of meanings. As a result, it is recommended that the exact sampling location (for example, 15 cm [6 in.] from the bottom) should be specified when using this term. 3.1.2 dead legs—sections of pipe that, by design, do not allow for the flow of material through them. 22.214.171.124 Discussion—Dead legs are not suitable for obtaining representative samples. 3.1.3 relief lines—sections of pipe that lead to a pressure/ vacuum relief valve. 126.96.36.199 Discussion—Relief lines are not suitable for obtain- ing representative samples. 3.1.4 stand pipes—vertical sections of pipe or tubing ex- tending from the gaging platform to near the bottom of tanks that are equipped with external or internal floating roofs. Stand pipes also may be found on ships and barges. 188.8.131.52 Discussion—Stand pipes which are not slotted or perforated will not yield representative samples. Further infor- mation on proper stand pipe design is given in 6.4.3. 3.1.5 Other sample definitions are given in Practice D 4057/ API MPMS Chapter 8.1.
4. Summary of Practice 4.1 It is necessary that the samples be representative of the fuel in question. The basic principle of each sampling proce- dure involves obtaining a sample in such a manner and from such locations in the tank or other container that the sample will be representative of the fuel. A summary of the sampling procedures and their application is presented in Table 1. Each procedure is suitable for sampling a material under definite storage, transportation, or container conditions. The precau- tions required to ensure the representative character of the samples are numerous and depend upon the tank, carrier, container, or line from which the sample is being obtained, the type and cleanliness of the sample container, and the sampling procedure that is to be used. 5. Significance and Use 5.1 The dry vapor pressure equivalent (DVPE) of volatile motor fuels is regulated by federal and state air pollution control agencies. In order to meet the letter of these regula- tions, it is necessary to sample, handle, and test these products in a very precise manner. 6. General Comments 6.1 Sample Containers: 6.1.1 Sample containers are clear or brown glass bottles, fluorinated high-density polyethylene bottles, or metal cans. The clear glass bottle is advantageous because it is easily examined visually for cleanliness, and also makes visual inspection of the sample for free water or solid impurities possible. The brown glass bottle affords some protection from light. The only cans acceptable are those with the seams soldered on the exterior surface.