API 624-2014 pdf download.Type Testing of Rising Stem Valves Equipped with Graphite Packing for Fugitive Emissions.
4 Valve Selection and Test Preparation 4.1 The API 622 certificate or test report for the packing in the test valve shall be provided and attached to the API 624 fugitive emissions test report. 4.2 The test valve shall be completely assembled and ready for testing. The test valve shall be randomly selected from manufacturer or distributor stock where such stock is available. For valves not in stock, the manufacturer shall certify that the test valve was not modified in any way to meet type test requirements and is a typical representation of the manufacturer’s stock product. Valve selection shall be approved by the purchaser. 4.3 Body-bonnet and gland bolting torque shall be verified to be in accordance with published manufacturer’s installation specifications. 4.4 All pre-test activities to the valve shall be documented on the Fugitive Emissions Test Report in Annex A. 4.5 As a safety precaution, the air in the valve cavity shall be purged with an inert gas prior to starting the testing. 5 Type Testing 5.1 The test medium used shall be methane 97 % minimum purity. Caution—Methane used during testing is a pressurized flammable gas which requires that appropriate safety measures be taken. 5.1.1 Testing of valves is potentially hazardous and it is essential that the safety of personnel be given prime consideration. Given the nature of this test, hazardous release of pressurized gas could occur. Adequate shields or barriers in the area of the test enclosure and other appropriate means for the protection of personnel shall be provided.
5.1.2 The test facilities shall be designed to ensure that all the test conditions are conducted in a safe and protected environment. It is the responsibility of the testing facility to analyze the hazards resulting from the pressure and temperatures and take proper safety precautions. All applicable safety regulations shall be complied with. 5.1.3 All equipment shall have appropriate certification that verifies its suitability to withstand the minimum and maximum pressures and temperatures in the testing environment. 5.1.4 Hoses or pipes used for inlet and outlet supply of methane shall be suitable for maximum pressures and temperatures. Where hoses are used, appropriately designed restraints shall be used to prevent hose detachment from the test rig in the event that a blow-out occurs. 5.1.5 All testing shall be in accordance with local and national codes and regulations. 5.2 The stem orientation for a test valve shall be vertical. 5.3 Valves shall be subjected to a total of 310 mechanical cycles and 3 thermal cycles per Figure 1. Mechanical cycling shall begin with the valve at ambient temperature. An optional low temperature test at –29 °C (–20 °F) may be performed if requested by the purchaser (see Figure 1).
5.7 The test valve may be equipped with a method of actuation capable of mechanically cycling the valve. The method of actuation should not impose additional side loads on the stem or packing. Running torque values shall be recorded on the first and last cycle of testing. 5.8 Static and dynamic stem leakage measurements shall be taken. See Figure 1. 5.8.1 Leak measurements shall be conducted in still air. Shielding potential leak paths from environmental impacts with a foil enclosure shall be employed during testing. The foil enclosure shall include the stem outside diameter and packing outside diameter. 5.8.2 Leak measurements of the body-bonnet connection and auxiliary connections shall be sniffed. Leakage from body-bonnet and auxiliary connections can affect leak measurement readings and shall be corrected prior to continuation of the test and noted in the report. The detector probe speed shall be approximately 25 mm (1 in.) per second for the bonnet. The instrument shall be adjusted to compensate for the background methane level. 5.8.3 The static/dynamic leakage shall be recorded after a time delay of twice the response time of the instrument. 5.9 The valve shall be equipped with thermocouples for monitoring the temperature during testing. The temperature shall be monitored and recorded at two locations (see Figure 2). 5.9.1 TC-1—affixed to the stuffing box. The thermocouple affixed to the stuffing box shall control the test temperature. 5.9.2 TC-2—at the external body adjacent to the flow path shall be a reference measurement. 5.9.3 TC-2—shall be equal to or greater than TC-1. 5.10 Packing adjustment during type testing is not permitted.