ANSI API RP 755-2010 pdf download.Fatigue Risk Management Systems for Personnel in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries.
1.1 Overview It has been documented that excess workplace fatigue is a risk to safe operations and that prescriptive Hours of Service rules should be supplemented as necessary. Thus, fatigue mitigation should be addressed through a comprehensive fatigue risk management system (FRMS) that is integrated with other safety management systems, as necessary. Similar to other safety management systems, everyone—the workforce and senior management—has a role in recognizing the importance of workplace fatigue risk mitigation and actively working to support the goals of the FRMS. The FRMS should be based on sound science and recognize operational issues, and shall include consultation with key stakeholders in the development and implementation of the local application of the FRMS. The FRMS should include a process to review and enhance the FRMS, as needed, with a goal of continuous improvement. 2 Normative References This document contains no normative references. For a list of documents and articles associated with API RP 755 and fatigue risk management, please see the Bibliography. 3 Terms and Definitions For the purpose of this publication, the following definitions apply. 3.1 call-out Summoning an employee to the work site to perform work that (s)he was not scheduled to perform. 3.2 extended shifts Time an employee is assigned to work that extends outside their regularly scheduled shift hours and into other shifts. 3.3 fatigue Reduced mental and physical functioning caused by sleep deprivation and/or being awake during normal sleep hours. This may result from extended work hours, insufficient opportunities for sleep, failure to use available sleep opportunities, or the effects of sleep disorders, medical conditions or pharmaceuticals which reduce sleep or increase sleepiness.
3.4 holdovers A periodic, occasional extended shift, where employees are at work beyond their regular shift to participate in training, safety meetings and the like. This does not include time needed for normal shift handoff. 3.5 normal operations Operations that are not during outages. 3.6 open shifts Foreseeable or planned vacancies where the vacancy is known at least one week in advance and overtime will be required to fill the vacancy (non-emergency). Examples include extended sick leave, special assignment or vacation. 3.7 outages Planned or unplanned interruption in the normal operations of a unit or plant, including mobilizing and de-mobilizing. Outages include, but are not limited to, such things as turnarounds, unit shutdowns, operational responses, etc. 3.8 shift work An organization of work where workers succeed each other at the same workplace while performing similar operations at different times of the day thus allowing longer hours of operation than feasible for a single worker. 3.9 work sets Consecutive shifts with a minimum of 36 hours off before starting another work set. 4 Components of a Comprehensive Fatigue Risk Management System (FRMS) 4.1 Roles and Responsibilities The FRMS should clearly define the roles and responsibilities for positions including, but not limited to the following: — senior management; — immediate supervisors; — individual employees; — contract companies and their employees; — key support functions (e.g. medical, HR, safety, workforce planning and scheduling). 4.2 Positions Covered by the Fatigue Risk Management System These guidelines are intended for all employees working night shifts, rotating shifts, extended hours/days, or call outs involved in process safety sensitive actions. They should also be considered for others making process safety- sensitive decisions. On-site contractors involved in process safety sensitive actions shall have fatigue risk management systems equivalent to the criteria outlined in this document.
4.3 Staff-Workload Balance The FRMS includes an initial and periodic assessment of the staffing levels and workload balance, such that the implementation of the hours of service guidelines discussed below are feasible and that fatigue risk is adequately managed. The FRMS should recognize the workload variability across shifts, weeks and months taking into account start-ups and shut-downs, as well as unplanned events (e.g. hurricane recovery) and emergency management situations. These assessments should also assess current and anticipated turnover and absentee issues. NOTE Each company should define “periodic” for their FRMS. 4.4 Safety Promotion: Training, Education, and Communication The FRMS shall include a process for educating all stakeholders on the causes, risks and potential consequences of fatigue. This education should acquaint all stakeholders with the basic scientific principles of sleep, sleep disorders, alertness, circadian, and fatigue physiology so that they can make informed decisions which will help them reduce the fatigue risk for themselves, their colleagues and the people they may supervise or manage. This education should also provide information designed to increase family member awareness of how they can help the stakeholder keep alert, safe and healthy.